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General knowledge about mathematics test

General knowledge about mathematics test There are many views among mathematicians and philosophers as to the exact scope and definition of mathematics. Mathematicians seek out patterns and use them to formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proof. When mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning can provide insight or predictions about nature. Through the use of abstraction and logic, mathematics developed from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects.

Question 1 from 10: It is a branch of modern mathematics and physics that describes the behavior of certain nonlinear dynamical systems, those systems that present the phenomenon of instability called sensitivity to the initial conditions, which is why their relatively long-term behavior (although conforming to the deterministic laws) is unpredictable, seemingly chaotic. What is the theory called?
Question 2 from 10: What was the first theorem demonstrated on the computer?
Question 3 from 10: The sculptor and architect professor invented in 1974 the "Magic Cube", which later received the name of the inventor. Who is he?
Question 4 from 10: What is cryptography about?
Question 5 from 10: How many of differential equations exists?
Question 6 from 10: How many of arithmetical operations exists?
Question 7 from 10: It is said to have written on the frontispiece of the platonic school "Academia" , the motto "Who is not a geometer shall not enter ." Who is this about?
Question 8 from 10: Euclidean geometry is a set of lemmas, corals, theorems and demonstrations that use only four fundamental notions. One of the four is wrong, witch is it?
Question 9 from 10: Who considers geometry as the "queen" of science?
Question 10 from 10: To whom is the most well-known equivalent axiom: "Two straight lines which cut one another can not both be parallel to the same straight line"?